When can I visit the puppies?
Many people question if they can pick out, see, or play with the puppies before they are ready to go at 8 weeks old.  The answer to
the question is NO. There are several reasons why we do not let anyone around the new puppies between birth and 8 weeks – all to
protect our dogs and your puppy.  

It is extremely stressful for the moms to have strangers visit as she is caring for her new litter.  This in turn will put stress on the new
born pups.  Remember, you are one of many people who are getting a puppy, not including everyone else who “just want to peek at
the new babies.”  If we allow everyone to see, touch, or spend time with the new pups, the moms routine would be disrupted:  her
eating and caring for pups and even her ability to produce enough healthy milk for them could be at risk.

Like a new baby, the opportunity for young pups to pick up infectious diseases is increased with all new contacts.  Their immune
systems are building, so at this time, the moms and pups live in whelping nests which have controlled temperatures and are separate
from all outside traffic.  Most illnesses and diseases are innocently carried on people’s shoes and clothing.  Entire litters of puppies
can be wiped out within 48 hours by the puppy killer parvo virus.  This disease could be picked up unknowingly by people in a school
yard, a park, or on a sidewalk, and this is only one disease.  We can not risk exposing our dogs and your puppy to diseases that
could destroy them.

Your puppy is not the only puppy.  By protecting all of our puppies from stress and disease that could be brought on by high traffic,
we are protecting your puppy.  Just think about how you would feel if someone who just wanted to see his or her pup happened to
bring in stress or illness that would cause us to lose a litter and you to lose your future puppy.  We have heard from many people that
pet stores, other breeders, or other kennels let clients visit puppies; the reality is that their number one concern is selling a puppy.  
Also, will those people be there to support you, replace the puppy, or guide you in the days, weeks, or years after you get your puppy
home?  Are they willing and capable to help you with training, breeding, behavioral, or health questions?  Just because someone
allows you to see the puppy, it does not indicate the quality of dog or of service you will receive throughout the puppy’s lifetime.

An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.  We take great care and much time caring for all of our dogs and their puppies.  It is
time and energy consuming.  This is what we do best, so please let us do it.  We understand your excitement, and we are happy that
you are enthusiastic about getting your pup.  But until you take your puppy home, we are responsible and the puppy’s health and
safety is our priority.  I guarantee you that in 8 weeks after the birth it will be well worth your wait.

Are dachshund's good with kids?
These dogs are very adaptable. They are excellent pets for children. The dachshund has an affectionate, delightful, playful, clownish
type temperament,   they are alert, eager to please, and adaptable. However, as with any dog, it is not a good idea to let puppies and
children play unattended. Children and puppies tend to be unaware of their own size and strength and could accidentally injure each
other. The best thing to do is to teach your child and new puppy how to behave around one another and you shouldn't have any
problems.  

Are dachshund's good with other pet's?
These dogs are very adaptable. They are excellent with other dogs and cats but yet retain a hunting instinct so it is best that they are
raised with cats and other pets from puppy hood.   

What's their temperament like?
The dachshund is bold, curious and always up for adventure. It likes to hunt and dig, tracking by scent and going to ground after
game. It is independent but will join in its family's activities whenever given a chance. It is good with children in its own family, but some
may snap at strange children. Most are reserved with strangers. Some bark. The long haired variety may be quieter and less terrier-
like; the wires may be more outgoing and clown like.

Are dachshunds hard to house train?
It depends on the puppy -- some are easier than others. It takes a lot of patience and dedication to house train any puppy --
dachshund's small size and stubborn nature can make it even more of a challenge. Also See
House Training

Do your dachshunds have back problems?  
Not so far, all our dachshunds are very active and happy!  

What is the difference in the sizes: Miniature and Standard?  
A mini or miniature dachshund is one that weighs less than 11 lbs.
A standard size dachshund is 16-35 lbs

What's a tweenie?
Tweenie is a term used to describe dachshunds that weigh from 12-15 lbs they are considered in between miniature and standard
size.   

How tall are Dachshunds?
Most Dachshunds stand from 5 to 9 inches in height at the withers (shoulders).   

How long do Dachshunds live?
With proper care dachshunds can enjoy a long life span of 12 to 14 years.

What About Exercise?
Although dachshunds are active, their exercise requirements can be met with moderate walks on leash and games in the yard. The
dachshund is amenable to city life or apartment living, but it is still a hunter at heart and enjoys forays into the wilds. Although it can
live outdoors in warm weather, it does best when sleeping inside.

How often do you need to groom?
The smooth coat requires minimal grooming. The long coat requires brushing or combing once or twice weekly and occasional
trimming of stray hairs. The wire coat requires brushing or combing about once a week, with occasional trimming of stray hairs and
stripping to remove dead hair twice a year.
  

Male vs. Female which makes a better pet?
If your puppy is fixed at around 5 - 7 months of age, your puppy it doesn't know if it's a male or female because it has not yet started
producing nor will it ever produce sex hormones. So behaviors classed/caused by sex are somewhat nonexistent.
Although In some ways, choosing between male and female dogs is a matter of personal preference.

Dogs do have some characteristics which are common in females and other characteristics which are common in males. It is important
to evaluate these characteristics and determine which sex would fit in best with your home situation when you choose a puppy.
Additionally, choosing between male and female is important if you already have another female or male and are choosing an
additional dog.

The following characteristics often apply to females:
Independent – Females tend to want to be in control of the entire situation. They may come to their owner when they are seeking
affection but will often move away when they have had enough.

Stubborn – In many packs, a female is typically the Alpha dog. Females crave more control of situations and are quick to respond to
perceived challenges with fierceness.

Territorial – Females mark in the same way males do. A spayed female may continue to mark for her entire lifetime regardless of
when she is spayed while most males will cease marking behaviors shortly after they are neutered and the testosterone levels
subside.

Reserved – Females are generally less affectionate and friendly than males. This characteristic is noticeable in puppies and becomes
more pronounced with age.

Changes in Mood or Behavior – It is also important to note that if you do not spay your female, she will come into heat at
approximately 6 to 8 months of age and approximately every six months thereafter. During this time, there will be some bleeding as
well as a change in mood or behavior. Keep this in mind when you adopt a puppy and make the decision of whether or not to spay
her.

The following characteristics often apply to male dogs:
Affectionate – Males are typically more affectionate than females. They tend to crave attention from their owners more than females
and as a result, display more affectionate behaviors.

Exuberant- A male is also more likely to be fun-loving and outgoing throughout his lifetime than a female. While a female tends to
become more reserved as she ages, a male dog maintains a more puppy-like exuberance throughout his lifetime

Food-Motivated – Males are often very motivated by food. This food motivation can make training extremely easy as treats can be
used to lure and reward to display desired behaviors.

Attentive – While females tend to be more independent, males tend to be more focused on their human companions. They want to
always be close to the human and are very eager to please.

Aggressive Behaviors - It is also important to note that intact males may display aggressive  behaviors toward other males or exhibit
marking behaviors. Additionally, intact males should be kept away from females in heat unless a breeding is planned.

When adding a 2nd or 3rd dog to your home
Owners who are adding an additional dog to their home should carefully consider the ramifications of adding a dog of either sex.
Even
though dachshunds are pack animals and love to be in groups of 2 or more, t
his is important because the makeup of the existing
pack may be more accepting to either a male or a female. The following are general tips for selecting the gender of a second dog:

If you already have a male or a female, a dog of the opposite sex is generally the best choice. Dogs of the same sex are more likely to
fight than dogs of the opposite sex.

If you already have a male, he is likely to be more accepting of a female and you are likely to have fewer dominance issues if you add
a female to the pack. However, if you opt to add another male to the pack, they can peacefully co-exist and may even become friends.
It is important to closely monitor their interactions early on to ensure aggressive behaviors do not become common.

If you already have a female, she is likely to be more accepting of a male. Most males tend to be submissive. If he does not challenge
your resident female, she is not likely to have a reason to fight with him. Adding a female to the pack, however, may result in
complications. The worst combination is two females because they are more likely to fight than a male/female combo or two males.
However,many dog owners have two or more females that live together without problems. As long as there is an established Alpha
dog and the other females know their place in the pack, there will not be dominance struggles often, although they may still occur.

Selecting a male or female is largely a matter of personal preference. The above characteristics are generalizations, and it is certainly
possible to purchase or adopt a female puppy who displays male characteristics or a male puppy who displays the typical female
characteristics. Additionally, females that are spayed often do not have the gender-specific problems associated with their sex such
as coming into heat or marking.

So, if you’re asking yourself, “What dog should I get?”, make sure to consider the dogs you already have and the gender that goes
best with your lifestyle. When you find a dog, monitor his or her behavior carefully and consider how it will match up with your male or
female at home. Good luck choosing a dog!

What is Color Dilution Alopecia?
Primarily affects blue and fawn (Isabella) color dogs
Alopecia is a term that refers to hair loss regardless of the cause. Color Dilution Alopecia is a condition in which dogs develop a
gradual thinning of hair on their bodies often progressing to widespread permanent hair loss. This condition develops in some, but
not all dogs that have been bred for unusual coat color, especially “fawn” (a dilution of a normally red or brown coat) or “blue” (a
dilution of the normal black and tan coat). Doberman Pinschers and Dachshunds are most affected by this condition but it has been
seen in other breeds bred for unusual coat colors including Chows, Great Danes, Chihuahuas and others.

Color dilution alopecia is an inherited condition and the coat will appear normal at birth. Most affected dogs will show signs between 6
months and as late as 2 or 3 years of age.  The first signs are hair loss and dry skin and possibly a recurring bacterial infection,
generally on the back where small bumps will reveal infected hair follicles. While the primary condition has no specific therapy, the
secondary infection is treated with antibiotics. Many dogs will have chronic recurrent infections because of the abnormality of the hair
follicles which results in an increased tendency to allow for bacterial colonization and infection.

How do I know if my dog has alopecia
Have your veterinarian perform a microscopic examination of the hair follicles, called a trichogram.
Skin biopsy will also show characteristic changes in the epidermal cells.

Keep in mind 90% of Blues, 75% of fawn (Isabella) and 10% of chocolates have or carry for alopecia

How color dilution occurs
Color dilution is a normal occurrence in many dog breeds. The color blue comes from diluting black and fawn (Isabella) comes from
diluting red, the colors blue and fawn (Isabella) are considered color-diluted. Color dilution occurs during the breeding process and is
determined by the type of color genes that the parents pass to their offspring. Color dilution alopecia is a skin condition that affects a
large number of color-diluted dogs and is considered a hereditary condition.

The genes that determine the color of the dog's hair coat consist of a (B) gene for black and a (b) gene for red. Genes represented
by a capital letter are dominant genes, and those represented by a lower-case letter are recessive genes; therefore, a dog with (BB)
will be black, (Bb) will be black and (bb) will be red. Every dog has two color genes and passes one to his or her offspring. Dogs also
carry a pair of genes that determine the intensity of the coat color; these are the color dilution genes. One of these genes from each
parent is also passed to the dog's offspring. Color dilution genes are (d) dilute, or (D) non-dilute. During breeding, a dog with (dd)
can pass only a (d) gene to the offspring, a (DD) dog can pass only a (D) gene, and a (Dd) can pass either. If both parents pass a
dilute (d) gene, then the pup's color will be diluted. For example: If a (BB) dog has (dd) dilution genes he will be a blue color. A (Bb)
dog with (dd) dilution genes will also be a blue color, and a (bb) dog with (dd) will produce a fawn color. If only one color dilution gene
is dilute, then the dog's color will be normal (BB) and (Dd); however, dogs can pass the dilute gene to their offspring.

What to do if you dog has Alopecia (Treatment)
Dogs with alopecia can lead a normal healthy life with routine weekly bathing in a benzyl peroxide shampoo such as OxyDex,
SulfOxyDex or Pyoben along with a moisturizing rinse such as Avoderm or Perfect Coat. Feeding a good food with high dosage
essential fatty acids, omega 3 & 6 and giving a vitamin supplements (we recommend NuVet Plus) can be very helpful. Affected dogs
should not be used for breeding (not all dilute dogs have alopecia, it can skip a generation). The condition can be entirely avoided by
the use of non-color-diluted dogs in breeding programs.

Do you recommend Vitamins for all your dogs?
Yes we do, we use a supplement called NuVet Plus, 1 tab a day. NuVet Plus is produced by a small company in California. It's
available only by mail order. We highly recommend it to all dog owners!  NuVet Plus has been proven to help increase your pet's
longevity and quality of life, along with providing an antioxidant that gives a boost to the immune system and creates a natural
defense against over fifty major diseases. NuVet is the best on the market!
The number for NuVet Plus is 1-800-474-7044 (order code 83113)
Doxie Questions
Dachshund Questions
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